The HKUST Institutional Repository collects, makes available, and preserves in digital format the scholarly output created by the HKUST community. Its interface provides for easy self-archiving by faculty, and organizes the documents in logical, easily retrieved fashion.
The Repository uses DSpace, a software developed at MIT, which complies with the Open Archives Initiative (OAI); thus allowing articles to be easily discovered by web search engines, services, and indexing tools, such as Google Scholar, Elsevier's Scirus and OAIster.
The Repository, launched in February 2003, was the first of its kind in Hong Kong. Its developments were documented in this 2007 article.
The IR not only provides barrier-free access to researchers worldwide, it also brings advantages to the University and the contributing authors:
Any faculty, academic equivalent staff, Ph.D student, or research assistant working at HKUST may submit documents to the Repository. Material must be research in nature; popular works or feature articles for newspapers will be excluded. Check the policy on content for document types the Repository accepts.
Items are organized in a hierachy of "communities" (based upon academic departments and units at HKUST) and "collections" (document types).
The CNRI Handle System assigns persistent identifiers to all material posted to the repository. These identifiers are resolvable in perpetuity, and will remain valid even if the content is migrated to a new system. This allows documents in the Repository to be properly and effectively cited in other research.
Researchers may use a script in the following format to access all their scholarly works posted in the Repository:
This script serves as a key to open the scholar's research portfolio, directly and quickly accessing the full-text of one's scholarly works. As we attempt to standardize UST authors' names, you may first check the format by browsing authors before constructing the script.
Many journal articles in the repository are archived in their pre-published version. The IR provides links to the corresponding published copies via an OpenURL linking mechanism, which dynamically direct users to the subscribed library resources. For example, a HKUST user will see a WebBridge link at a record of a journal article.
"Pre-published" version of a published article is marked as such both at the record display and the first page of the document.
With the collaboration with Scirus, the Elsevier's free search engine, the IR offers full-text searching capability external to DSpace.
Institutional repositories emerged as one of many strategies for achieving open access to research output. "Open Access" (OA) is a movement advocating free online access to scholarly works. Discussion and development of scholarly communication, IR and OA can be found at these sites:
The Directory of Open Access Repositories lists over 1,000 institutional repositories. A few prominent projects are:
1Steve Lawrence. 2001. "Online or invisible?" Nature 411 (6837):521. Available at: <http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/lawrence.html>